- An ethnic republic of the Russian Federation. The Komi Republic covers part of the Russian Plain in extreme northeastern Europe. Established as the Komi-Zyrian Autonomous Oblast in 1929, the region was transferred to the Northern Territory before being reassigned as its own Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR) in 1936. In 1990, republican leaders declared Komi sovereignty before settling on existence as a republic of the Russian Federation in 1992.Encompassing a portion of the Arctic Circle, the republic is bordered by Nenetsiya, Yamaliya, Khantiya-Mansiya, Perm Krai, and the oblasts of Sverdlovsk, Kirov, and Archangel. During the Soviet era, the region served as a major site of the Arctic gulag; as such, most of the region’s northern cities are former prison encampments. Komi is part of the Northwestern Federal District and the Northern Economic Region. The regional capital is Syktyvkar, a riparian city of 230,000. Much of the region is forested; however, much of the northern reaches of the region is permanently frozen wooded tundra.Komi also has significant reserves of hydrocarbons, gold, diamonds, and other minerals. The regional economy is dependent on energy production, specifically the coal fields of the Pechora basin and oil and natural gas extraction in the Timan-Pechora basin. Komi is an important supplier of energy to St. Petersburg, and has export relationships with 40 foreign countries. Forestry also accounts for an important portion of the regional economy; however, a significant portion of the region’s forests are protected as they generate much of the oxygen supply of the European continent. UNESCO has designated the Pechora-Ilych Preserve and the Yugyd Va National Park, the largest remaining tract of virgin forest in Europe, as a World Cultural and Natural Heritage site.The republic has a land area of 415,900 square kilometers and a population of slightly more than 1 million. The republic’s titular nationality, the Komi, make up a quarter of its population; ethnic Russians comprise 60 percent, while Ukrainians are 6 percent. Support for separatism is low among the Russians (less than 25 percent), while about one-third of the republic’s Komi favor independence. During the 1990s, the head of the republic, Yury Spiridonov, established semi-authoritarian rule in the region, expanding his power and gaining substantive autonomy from Moscow with a 1996 powersharing agreement. Under his watch, a disastrous oil spill made international headlines, only after his administration tried to silence local media and downplay the severity of the event. In 2001, Komi was forced to repudiate its declaration of sovereignty after a federal court ruling found that a significant portion of its laws contravened the Russian Constitution. Later that year, Spiridonov, a member of the pro-government Our Home—Russia party, was defeated by a former physics teacher, Vladimir Torpolov.Supported by the liberal Yabloko party, Torpolov won 40 percent of the vote; he was one of only a few candidates to unseat an incumbent in the last years of popularly elected regional governors. As an ethnic Komi, Torpolov’s ethnicity played a role in victory against Spiridonov, an ethnic Russian. Torpolov was reappointed by Vladimir Putin in 2005. In 2007, the region was removed from the list of federal subjects receiving subsidies from Moscow, a signal of the economic well-being of the republic. Under both the Spiridonov and Torpolov administrations, Komi demonstrated a tendency to favor deals with fellow Finno-Ugric partners, specifically Finland and Hungary.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
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Komi Republic — For other uses, see Komi (disambiguation). Komi Republic Республика Коми (Russian) Коми Республика (Komi) Republic … Wikipedia
Komi Republic — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Komi Republic Country and Admin Code RU.34 RU … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Komi Republic — geographical name autonomous republic NE Russia in Europe W of N Ural Mountains capital Syktyvkar area 160,579 square miles (415,900 square kilometers), population 1,255,000 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Coat of arms of the Komi Republic — The coat of arms of the Komi Republic (Russian: герб Республики Коми; gerb Respubliki Komi; Komi: Коми республикалӧн канпас; Komi respublikalön kanpas), SHRRF #153), designed by A. Neverov, was inst … Wikipedia
National Anthem of the Komi Republic — The National Anthem of the Komi Republic is the official anthem of the Komi Republic, a republic of Russia. Lyrics Komi lyrics Transliteration English Ылын ылын Войвылын Джуджыд парма сулалö. Парма шöрын варыш поз Кыпыд горöн шыалö. Лэбзьöй,… … Wikipedia
Flag of the Komi Republic — The Flag of Komi is the flag of the Komi Republic, is a republic and a federal subject of Russia. The Komi ASSR started using the flag on November 27, 1991 and the current Komi Republic officially started to use it on June 6, 1994.The current… … Wikipedia
Music in the Komi Republic — Music of Russia: Finn Ugric and Baltic music Genres Bards Classical music Hip hop Jazz Opera Rock Awards MTV Russia Music Awards Charts Festivals B … Wikipedia
Usa River (Komi Republic) — Infobox River | river name = Usa caption = origin = The northern Ural Mountains mouth = Pechora River basin countries = Komi Republic of Russia length = 565 km discharge = 1310 m³/s watershed = 93,600 km²Usa ( ru. Уса) is a river in the Komi… … Wikipedia
Music of the Komi Republic — The Komi Republic is a region of Russia. Musicians from this area include Tatyana Unmyakova of Myllarit. Traditional Komi songs include The Dawn … Wikipedia
Vishera River (Komi Republic) — Vishera (Vyshera) River ( ru. Вишера (Вышера)) is a river in the Komi Republic in Russia, right tributary of the Vychegda River. It is 247 km in length. The area of its drainage basin is 8,780 km². The Vishera River freezes up in November and… … Wikipedia